Animation 1-1Once again, for the next annual list of academic publications on anime/manga, covering 2006, I am breaking it down into two sections. This first one covers articles published in academic/scholarly journals, as well as “journals of opinion”, commentary magazines, and publications sponsored by Japanese government agencies and non-profit organizations. The second will include books and essay collections.

Particularly notable journal articles on anime/manga published in 2006 included Susan Napier’s Matter out of place: Carnival, containment and cultural recovery in Miyazaki’s Spirited Away, in the Journal of Japanese Studies, one of the leading English-language journals in this area, two papers in the Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy – one introducing manga to teachers and the other, arguing that anime can have a distinct benefit for students of Japanese as a foreign language, in-depth studies of Full Metal Alchemist, Haibane Renmei, Memories, Perfect Blue, and Hayao Miyazaki’s Oscar-winning Spirited Away, and several essays, in different publications, on the appeal of “boys’ love” manga and anime to audiences both in Japan and in other countries.

Structurally, 2006 also saw the launch of both Animation: An Interdisciplinary Journal, the first peer-reviewed journal on animation published by a major for-profit publisher (with Platonic sex: Perversion and shojo anime (Part one), by McGill University’s Thomas Lamarre, in the inaugural issue), and the online-only, open access Animation Studies. In the years since, both of these journals have actively welcomed academic articles on Japanese animation, with almost 30 such articles between the two of them.


The list of journal articles on anime/manga published in 2006 consists of 51 individual titles, in 44 individual journals. This number includes a total of seven articles published in sources that are not strictly academic – the “journals of opinion” Reason and The American Interest, the Women’s Review of Books, the online literary magazine Hackwriters, the Japan Economic Foundation’s English-language magazine Japan Spotlight: Economy, Culture & History, Japan Echo (sponsored by Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs), and the newsletter of the professional Society of Writers, Editors, and Translators. It does not include five short pieces that appeared in a special “Made in Japan! Anime’s Appeal” issue of Wochi Kochi Magazine (a project of the Japan Foundation). As with all other editions of the Bibliography, it also does not include articles that were published in newspapers or in popular/enthusiast/trade magazines.

6 journals (14% of the total) published two or more articles – for a total of 14 articles (34% of the total).

International Journal of Comic Art: 4 articles
Animation: An Interdisciplinary Journal: 2
Hackwriters: The International Writer’s Magazine: 2
Intersections: Gender, History and Culture in the Asian Context: 2
(the current title of this publication is Intersections: Gender and Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific): 2
Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy: 2
Refractory: A Journal of Entertainment Media: 2

38 more journals published one article each.

Ten of the journals (23%), containing 12 of the articles (24%) were published by a major corporate/for-profit publisher:

Sage: 2 journals, 3 articles
Taylor & Francis: 3 journals, 3 articles
Wiley: 1 journal, 2 articles
Intellect: 2 journals, 2 articles
Elsevier, Emerald: 1 journal / 1 article each

This is noteworthy in the context of the findings by Lariviere, et al. that the “big five” academic publishers (Elsevier, Taylor & Francis, Wiley, Springer, Sage) that dominate many fields account for only 27% of journals and 22% of articles in the humanities published in 2014. For articles on anime/manga published in 2005, the “big five”‘s share is 17% of the journals and 18% of articles.

Finally, 22 of the articles (43%) are directly available online – either because they were published in an open access journal to begin with, or because the publisher has made certain articles available online while restricting access to other behind paywalls.

Articles on Anime/Manga Published in 2006 in Academic Journals and Other Periodicals

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Black, Rebecca W. Language, culture, and identity in online fanfiction. E-Learning and Digital Media, 3(2), 170-184.

Bresnahan, Jiang, Inoue, Yasuhiro, & Kagawa, Naomi. Players and whiners? Perceptions of sex stereotyping in anime in Japan and the US. Asian Journal of Communication, 16(2), 207-217.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Bryce, Mio. Anime Haibane Renmei (Charcoal Feather Federation): An enclave for the hurt, alienated souls. Papers: Explorations Into Children’s Literature, 16(2), 71-76.

Bryce, Mio. Fashioning a spiritual self in a rational and technological society: Cultural dichotomies in the Japanese animation Kiki’s Delivery Service. CREArTA: The International Journal of the Centre for Research in the Arts, 6, 45-56.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Camper, Cathy. Girls love “boys’ love”. Women’s Review of Books, 23(3), 24-26.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Chen, Hsiao-Ping. The significance of manga in the identity-construction of young American adults: A Lacanian approach. Marilyn Zurmuehlen Working Papers in Art Education, 2006(1), art. 2.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Diaz Cintas, Jorge, & Munoz Sanchez, Pablo. Fansubs: Audiovisual translation in an amateur environment. JoSTrans: The Journal of Specialized Translation, 6, 37-52.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Dela Pena, Joseph. Otaku: Images and identity in flux: CUREJ: College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal, 9.

Diffrient, David Scott. Cabinets of cinematic curiosities: A critical history of the animated ‘package feature’, from Fantasia (1940) to Memories (1995). Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, 26(4), 505-535.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Freiberg, Freda. Miyazaki’s heroines. Senses of Cinema, 40.

Fukunaga, Natsuki. “Those anime students”: Foreign language literacy developments through Japanese popular culture. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 50(3), 206-222.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Gerow, Aaron. Fantasies of war and nation in recent Japanese cinema. The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Gordon, David. Studio Ghibli: Animated magic. Hackwriters: The International Writers Magazine.

Goulding, Jay. Crossroads of experience: Hayao Miyazaki’s global/local nexus. Asian Cinema, 17(2), 114-123.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Graillat, Ludovic. America vs. Japan: The influence of American comics on manga. Refractory: A Journal of Entertainment Media, 10.

Holmberg, Ryan. For your words, I shall rip out your tongue: Shirato Sanpei and the talking head of manga. International Journal of Comic Art, 8(1), 426-455.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Jenkins, Henry. When piracy becomes promotion: How unauthorized copying made Japanese animation profitable in the United States. Reason, 38(7), 78-79.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Kato, Norihiro. Goodbye Godzilla, hello Kitty: What Japan’s pop-culture products tell us about its struggles with defeat, democratization and globalization. The American Interest, 2(1), 72-79.

Kimura, Makoto. SME’s and the globalization of Japanese anime. Japan Spotlight: Economy, Culture & History, 25(3), 12-13.

Kinsella, Sharon. The nationalization of manga. Japan Society Proceedings, 144. 90-101.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Krebs, Stefan: On the anticipation of ethical conflicts between humans and robots in Japanese mangas. IRIE: International Review of Information Ethics, 6, 63-68.

Krikke, Jan. Computer graphics advances the art of anime. IEEE Computer Graphics & Applications, 26(3), 14-19.

Lamarre, Thomas. Platonic sex: Perversion and shojo anime (Part one). Animation: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 1(1), 45-59.

Lambert, Karla S. Unflagging television piracy: How piracy of Japanese television in East Asia portends failure for a U.S. broadcast flag. Texas Law Review, 84(5), 1317-1346.

Lee, Wood-Hung, & Shaw, Yomei. A textual analysis of Japanese and Chinese editions of manga: Translation as cultural hybridiziation. International Journal of Comic Art, 8(2), 34-55.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Lunsing, Wim. Yaoi ronso: Discussing depictions of male homosexuality in Japanese girls’ comics, gay comics, and gay pornography. Intersections: Gender, History and Culture in the Asian Context, 12.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Matthews, Kate. Logic and narrative in ‘Spirited Away’. Screen Education, 43, 135-140.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** McLelland, Mark. A short history of ‘hentai’. Intersections: Gender, History and Culture in the Asian Context, 12.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** McLelland, Mark. Why are Japanese girls’ comics full of boys bonking? Refractory: A Journal of Entertainment Media, 10.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Muscar, Jamie E. A winner is who?: Fair use and the online distribution of manga and video game fan translations. Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law, 9(1), 223-254.

Napier, Susan. Matter out of place: Carnival, containment and cultural recovery in Miyazaki’s Spirited Away. The Journal of Japanese Studies, 32(2), 287-310.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Nuss, Jessi, Strong, Meghan, & Te, Amanda. The fan quest for authenticity. SWET Newsletter, 112.

O’English, Lorena, Matthews, J. Gregory, & Lindsay, Elizabeth Blakesley. Graphic novels in academic libraries: From Maus to manga and beyond. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 32(2), 173-182.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Okuhara, Rieko. Walking along with nature: A psychological interpretation of My Neighbor Totoro. The Looking Glass: New Perspectives on Children’s Literature, 10(2).

Pellitteri, Marco. East of Oliver Twist: Japanese culture and European influences in animated TV series for children and adolescents. The Japanese Journal of Animation Studies, 7(1A), 57-70.

Pellitteri, Marco. Manga in Italy: A cultural powerhouse. International Journal of Comic Art, 8(2), 56-76.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Port, Kenneth L. Trademark dilution in Japan. Northwest Journal of Technology & Intellectual Property, 4(2), 228-254.

Ranyard, John. Japanese anime and the life of the soul: Full Metal Alchemist. Psychological Perspectives: A Quarterly Journal of Jungian Thought49(2), 267-277.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Rickards, Meg. Screening interiority: Drawing on the animated dreams of Satoshi Kon’s Perfect Blue. IM: Interactive Media – E-Journal of the National Academy of Screen & Sound, 2.

Schwartz, Adam, & Rubinstein-Avila, Eliane. Understanding the manga hype: Uncovering the multimodality of comic book literaciesJournal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy50(1), 40-49.

Sharp, Jasper. Forgotten roots of Japanimation: In praise of shadows. Film International, 4(2), 30-47.

Simeon, Roblyn. A conceptual model linking brand strategies and Japanese popular culture. Marketing Intelligence & Planning, 24(5), 463-478.

Solomon, Kayt. Real horror in animation. Hackwriters: The International Writers Magazine.

Steinberg, Marc. Immobile sections trans-series movement: Astroboy and the emergence of anime. Animation: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 1(2), 190-206.

Stewart, Ron. An Australian cartoonist in 19th century Japan: Frank A. Nankivell and the beginnings of modern Japanese comic art. International Journal of Comic Art, 8(2), 77-97.

Street, Amanda. The religious functions of Pokemon. GOLEM: Journal of Religion and Monsters, 1(1).

Thorn, Mat.. Japan: The Hollywood of manga. Japan Echo, 33(2), 28-31.

Ueno, Junko. Shojo and adult women: A linguistic analysis of gender identity in manga (Japanese comics). Women & Language, 29(1), 16-25.

Van Staden, Cobus. Exporting stories: Global capitalism, narrative design and anime. Iconics, 8, 87-110.

Welker, James. Beautiful, borrowed, and bent: “Boys’ love” as girls’ love in shojo manga. Signs, 31(3), 841-470.

Wood, Andrea. “Straight” women, queer texts: Boy-love manga and the rise of a global counterpublic. Women’s Studies Quarterly, 34(1/2), 394-414.

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