Stray Dog - 1st Ed.2004 marked another year of steady growth in the number of academic English-language publications on anime and manga. One clear highlight was Stray Dog of Anime: The Films of Mamoru Oshii, the first book-length examination of the works of an anime director other than Miyazaki. Interestingly, it grew out of work that its author, Brian Ruh, completed while he was a graduate student at the University of Texas at Austin, studying under Susan Napier, already the author of 2001’s Anime From Akira to Miyazaki: Experiencing Contemporary Japanese Animation.

Pikachu's Global AdventureThe one relevant essay collection published in 2004 – Pikachu’s Global Adventure: The Rise and Fall of Pokemon – is notable immediately for its rather unfortunate title. As the years since have shown, 2004 was clearly too early to talk about a “fall of Pokemon”. Having said that, the book itself was certainly timely, and included a very wide range of approaches to the “Pokemon phenomenon” in Japan and around the world, such as an excellent case study of the process of “localizing the Pokemon TV series for the American market”. Perhaps because of its timeliness – and maybe because it was coming from a high-profile academic publisher (Duke University Press), it received favorable reviews in several different academic journals, such as Popular Communication, Social Science Japan Journal, and The Journal of Asian Studies.

The 45 articles on anime/manga that were published in 2004 in English-language academic journals were spread out over 33 different journals. The International Journal of Comic Art published 5, Femspec, another 3, and 6 journals had two articles each, with 25 others only publishing one. Some of the journals that accepted publications on anime/manga in 2004 included English Journal, M/C: A Journal of Media and Communication, Publishing Research Quarterly, Refractory: A Journal of Entertainment Media, and Sex Roles.

Only 6 of the articles (13%) appeared in journals published by for-profit publishers, rather than university presses, academic departments, or non-profit organizations. 20 of the articles were published in open-access journals or are now available in open access. And, two of the 45 articles are particularly worth highlighting:

Oishinbo’s adventures in eating: Food, communication and culture in Japanese comics, by Laurie Brau deserves the award – if there was ever such an award – for appearing in the most unlikely subject-specific academic journal to accept a paper on anime/manga. It was published in Gastronomica: The Journal of Critical Food Studies.

In The creative commons (Montana Law Review), Lawrence Lessig, then a professor of law at Stanford University, and recently, a candidate for the Democratic nomination for President, specifically uses dojinshi as an example of the kind of creativity that can only flourish when it is not subject to the kind of burdensome copyright regime that is currently in place in the U.S.

English-language books, book chapters, and academic journal articles on anime/manga – 2004

This list is also permanently archived as a separate page. Any additional items will be added to the archived list only.

Total published: 2

Gravett, Paul. Manga: Sixty years of Japanese comics. London: Laurence King Publishing.

Ruh, Brian. Stray dog of anime: The films of Mamoru Oshii. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Reference Guides
Total Published: 1

Lent, John A. Comic art in Africa, Asia, Australia, and Latin America through 2000: An international bibliography. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Essay Collections
Total published: 1

Tobin, Joseph (Ed.), Pikachu’s global adventure: The rise and fall of Pokemon. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Book Chapters
Total Published: 6

Loy, David R., & Goodhew, Linda. The dharma of nonviolence: Hayao Miyazaki’s Nausicaa of the Valley of the Wind and Princess Mononoke. In David R. Loy & Linda Goodhew, The dharma of dragons and daemons: Buddhist themes in modern fantasy (pp. 73-100). Somerville, MA: Wisdom Publications.

Natsume, Fusanosuke. East Asia and manga culture: Examining manga-comic culture in East Asia. In Ricardo G. Abad (Ed.), The Asian face of globalisation: Reconstructing identities, institutions and resources (pp. 95-106). Tokyo: The Nippon Foundation.

Powell Dahlquist, Joel, & Garth Vigilant, Lee. Way better than real: Manga sex to tentacle hentai. In Dennis D. Waskul (Ed.), Net.seXXX: Readings on sex, pornography, and the Internet (pp. 91-103. New York: Peter Lang.

Riley, Yoko. Faust through the eyes of a Japanese cartoonist. In Osman Durrani (Ed.), Icons of modern culture: Faust (pp. 409-416). Westfield, UK: Helm Information.
[Osamu Tezuka]

Shamoon, Deborah. Office sluts and rebel flowers: The pleasures of Japanese pornographic comics for women. In Linda Williams (Ed.), Porn studies (pp. 77-103). Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Thorn, Matt. Girls and women getting out of hand: The pleasure and politics of Japan’s amateur comics community. In William W. Kelly (Ed.), Fanning the flames: fans and consumer culture in contemporary Japan (pp. 169-187). Albany: State University of New York Press.

Encyclopedia Articles/Entries

Perper, Timothy, & Cornog, Martha. Sex, love, and women in Japanese comics. In Robert T. Francoeur & Raymond J. Noonan (Eds.), The Coninuum complete international encyclopedia of sexuality (pp. 663-671). New York: Continuum.


*** OPEN ACCESS *** Baigent, Robert. Cowboy Bebop and the familiar other. Graduate Review of Asia-Pacific Studies, 2(1), 92-94.

Bernd, Jaqueline. The time of comics: Reading a post/historical art form from the perspective of manga. Aesthetics, 11, 13-19.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Boyd, James W., & Nishimura, Tetsuya. Shinto perspectives in Miyazaki’s anime film “Spirited Away”. Journal of Religion and Film, 8(2).

Brau, Lorie. Oishinbo’s adventures in eating: Food, communication and culture in Japanese comics. Gastronomica: The Journal of Critical Food Studies, 4(4), 34-45.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Bryce, Mio. Cuteness needed: The new global language/communication device in a global society. International Journal of the Humanities, 2(3), 2265-2275.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Chen, Jin-Shiow. Meditating on the voiceless words of the invisible other: Young female anime fan artists – narratives of gender images. Journal of Social Theory in Art Education, 24, 213-233.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Duhl, Gregory M. Old lyrics, knock-off videos, and copycat comic books: The fourth fair use factor in U.S. copyright law. Syracuse Law Review, 54(3), 665-737.

Falkman, Kai. The image story in manga and haiku. Blithe Spirit, 14(4).

Freiberg, Freda. The dynamic cinematic heritage of Japan: From classic live-action to contemporary animation. Screen Education, 36, 8-14.
[previous title: Australian Screen Education]

Frey, Nancy, & Fisher, Douglas. Using graphic novels, anime, and the Internet in an urban high school. English Journal, 93(3), 19-25.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Fujimura, Kumiko, & Ito, Megumi. Impact of TV anime on the formation of children’s gender attitudes: A study based on content analysis and interviews of child viewers, Toyo Aiwa Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, 21, 127-153.
[abstract in English, article in Japanese]

Geary, Joe. Young women (and more) in anime. Femspec, 5(2), 135-139.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Hand, Richard J. Dissecting the gash: Sexual horror in the 1980s and the manga of Suehiro Maruo. M/C Journal: A Journal of Media and Culture, 7(4).

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Hanzawa, Seiji. The Japanese animation and home video game industries: Locational patterns, labor markets, and inter-firm relationships. Japanese Journal of Human Geography, 56(6), 587-602.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Hoff Kraemer, Christine. Between the worlds: Liminality and self-sacrifice in Princess Mononoke. Journal of Religion and Film, 8(1).

Ito, Kinko. Growing up Japanese reading manga. International Journal of Comic Art, 6(1), 392-403.

Jungst, Heike Elisabeth. Japanese comics in GermanyPerspectives: Studies in Translatology12(2), 83-105.

Kaplan, Frederic. Who is afraid of the humanoid? Investigating cultural differences in the acceptance of robots. International Journal of Humanoid Robotics, 1(3), 465-480.

Kurosawa, Tsuneo. Anime, becoming part of the global lexicon. Japan Spotlight, 23(6). 51.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Laity, K.A., & Goldberg, Wendy. Japanese magic: The girl-friendly films of Hayao Miyazaki. Femspec, 5(2), 140-142.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Lane, Michael. White moments and Miyazaki’s Kiki. Triumph of the Past.

Lent, John A. Far out and mundane: The mammoth world of manga. Phi Kappa Phi Forum, 84(3), 38-41.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Lessig, Lawrence. The creative commons. Montana Law Review, 65(1), 1-13.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Loy, David R., & Goodhew, Linda. The dharma of Miyazaki Hayao: Revenge vs. compassion in Nausicaa and Mononoke. Journal of the Faculty of International Studies, Bunkyo University, 14(2), 67-75.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Manifold, Marjorie. Imagined voices – envisioned landscapes. Storylines of information-age girls and young women. Journal of Social Theory in Art Education, 24, 234-256.

Mas Lopez, Jordi. From Tokyo to Barcelona: Translating Japanese anime into Catalan. Globalization Insider, 13(3.5).

Miller, Joshua. A response to Kobayashi Yoshinori’s On Taiwain. International Journal of Comic Art, 6(1), 266-280.

Misaka, Kaoru. The first Japanese manga magazine in the United States. Publishing Research Quarterly, 19(4), 23-30.

Napier, Susan J. Why anime? Japan Spotlight, 23(2), 20-23.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Newsom, Victoria. Young females as super heroes: Superheroines in the animated Sailor Moon. Femspec, 5(2), 57-81.

Ogletree, Shirley M., Martinez, Cristal N., Turner, Trent R., & Mason, Brad. Pokemon: Exploring the role of gender. Sex Roles, 50(11), 851-859.

Pellitteri, Marco. Mass trans-culture from East to West, and back. Japanese Journal of Animation Studies, 5(1A), 19-26.

Ramachandran, Hema. The animation of Anne: Japanese anime encounters the diary of a Holocaust icon. Post Script: Essays in Film and the Humanities, 24(1), 71-83.

Rifas, Leonard. Globalizing comic books from below: How manga came to America. International Journal of Comic Art, 6(2), 138-171.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Rimmer, Peter J. Manga world: Globalization theory revisited. Japanese Journal of Human Geography, 56(6), 565-586.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Sakuraba, Kyoko, Imaizumi, Satoshi, & Kakehi, Kazuhiko. Emotional expression in “Pikachuu”. Journal of the Phonetic Society of Japan8(1), 77-84.
[article in Japanese, abstract in English]

Steinberg, Marc. Otaku consumption, Superflat art, and the return to Edo. Japan Forum, 16(3), 449-471.

Stephens, John, & Bryce, Mio. ‘Nothing dirty about turning on a machine’: Loving your mechanoid in contemporary mangaPapers: Explorations into Children’s Literature14(2), 44-54.

Stockwell, Stephen. Dealing with world domination: Lessons from the Powerpuff Girls and friends. Media International Astralia, 113, 23-29.

Stranieri, Vyvyan, & Evely, Christine. Spirited Away – Study guide. Australian Screen Education, 34, 57-67.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Suchenski, Richard. Great directors: Mamoru Oshii. Senses of Cinema, 32.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Teshigawara, Mihoko. Vocally expressed emotions and stereotypes in Japanese animation: Voice qualities of the bad guys compared to those of the good guys. Journal of the Phonetic Society of Japan, 8(1), 60-76.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Wright, Lucy. Wonderment and awe – the way of the Kami. Refractory: A Journal of Entertainment Media, 5.

Yokota, Masao. A master animator: Yasuji Mori’s works for children. International Journal of Comic Art, 6(1), 376-391.

Yokota, Masao. Satoshi Kon’s transition from comics to animation. International Journal of Comic Art, 6(1), 250-265.

 Other Publications

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Condry, Ian. The shift from ratings to relevance: Intimacy, youth media, and nationalism in contemporary Japan. USJP Occasional Paper 07-04. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Program on U.S.-Japan Relations.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Kitabayashi, Ken. The otaku group from a business perspective: Reevaluation of enthusiastic consumers. NRI Paper No. 84. Tokyo: Nomura Research Institute.

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