Last updated: February 22, 2020

New Additions:

Matsui, Takeshi. Nation branding through stigmatized popular culture: The “Cool Japan” craze among central ministries in Japan.

Editor’s note: As with all annual editions of the Bibliography, this list is not necessarily comprehensive or absolute, and there may be books, chapters, or articles on anime/manga that were published in 2014 and I am simply not aware of. Suggestions for additional materials to add are always welcome and appreciated!

BooksEssay CollectionsBook Chapters
Journal Special IssuesArticles


Annett, Sandra. Anime fan communities: Transcultural flows and frictions. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Drazen, Patrick. Anime explosion: The what? why? & wow! of Japanese animation (revised and expanded ed.). Berkeley, CA: Stone Bridge Press.

Galbraith, Patrick W. The moe manifesto: An insider’s look at the worlds of manga, anime, and gaming. North Clarendon, VT: Tuttle Publishing.

McCarthy, Helen. A brief history of manga. Lewes, Great Britain: Ilex Press.

Ogihara-Schuck, Eriko. Miyazaki’s animism abroad: The reception of Japanese religious themes by American and German audiences. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co.

Patten, Fred. Funny animals and more: From anime to zoomorphics. Olyphant, PA: Theme Park Press.

Ruh, Brian. Stray dog of anime: The films of Mamoru Oshii (second ed.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Yamamoto, Kenta. The agglomeration of the animation industry in East Asia. Tokyo: Springer.

Essay Collections

Mechademia, Volume 9: Origins

Mechademia: An Annual Forum for Anime, Manga and Fan Arts is an ongoing “monographic series” of scholarship, commentary, and other materials related to Japanese popular culture. Each volume has an individual subtitle and is based around a specific theme. Contents include original peer-reviewed essays, translations of important Japanese scholarship (both contemporary and classic/historical), and additional publications in other formats, such as interviews, photography, and original comics.

Book Chapters

Birmingham, Elizabeth. Antimodernism as the rhetoric of steampunk anime: Fullmetal Alchemist, technological anxieties, and controlling the machine.
In Barry Brummett (ed.) Clockwork rhetoric: The language and style of steampunk (pp. 61-79). Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.

Bryce, Mio. Pollyanna: Transformations in the Japanese context.
In Roxanne Harde & Lydia Kokkola (eds.). Eleanor H. Porter’s Pollyanna: A children’s classic at 100 (pp. 227-245). Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi.

Chua, Karl Ian Cheng. Representing the war in manga.
In Mark Baildon, et al. (eds.). Controversial history education in Asian contexts (pp. 123-140). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Close, Samatha. Popular culture through the eyes, ears, and fingertips of fans: Vidders, anime music video editors, and their sources.
In David Lederman & Lauren Westrup (eds.). Sampling media (pp. 119-211). New York: Oxford University Press.

DiTommaso, Lorenzo. Apocalypticism and popular culture.
In John J. Collins (ed.). The Oxford handbook of apocalyptic literature (pp. 473-510). New York: Oxford University Press.
[Neon Genesis Evangelion]

Furuhata, Yuriko. Animating copies: Japanese graphic design, the xerox machine, and Walter Benjamin.
In Karen Beckman (ed.). Animating film theory (pp. 181-200). Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Galbraith, Patrick W. Otaku sexuality in Japan.
In Mark McLelland & Vera Mackie (eds.). Routledge handbook of Japanese sexuality (pp. 205-217). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Haguchi, Hideko. The interaction between music and visuals in animated movies: A case study of Akira.
In Toru Mitsui (ed.). Made in Japan: Studies in popular nusic (pp. 174-190). New York: Routledge.

Huang, Cheng-Wen. Teaching visual narratives using a social semiotic framework: The case of manga.
In Arlene Archer & Denise Newfield (eds.). Multimodal approaches to research and pedagogy: Recognition, resources and access (pp. 71-90). New York: Routledge.

Jorgensen, Jeana, & Warman, Brittany. Molding messages: Analyzing the reworkings of “Sleeping Beauty” in Grimm’s Fairy Tale Classics and Dollhouse.
In Pauline Greenhill & Jill Terry Rudy (eds.). Channeling Wonder: Fairy Tales on Television (pp. 144-162). Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

Kyle, Catherine. Her story, too: Final Fantasy X, Revolutionary Girl Utena, and the feminist hero’s journey.
In Norma Jones, Maja Bajac-Carter & Bob Batchelor (eds.). Heroines of film and television: Portrayals in popular culture (pp. 131-146). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Lamarre, Thomas. Cartoon film theory: Imamura Taihei on animation, documentary, and photography (pp. 221-251).
In Karen Beckman (ed.). Animating film theory. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Lamerichs, Nicolle. Embodied fantasy: The affective space of anime conventions.
In Linda Duits, Koos Zwaan, & Stijn Reijnders (eds.). The Ashgate research companion to fan cultures (pp. 263-274). Farnham, UK: Ashgate.

Lee, Hye-Kyung. Transnational cultural fandom.
In Linda Duits, Koos Zwaan, & Stijn Reijnders (eds.). The Ashgate research companion to fan cultures (pp. 195-207). Farnham, UK: Ashgate.

Lezubski, Kirstian. The power to revolutionize the world, or absolute gender apocalypse?: Queering the new fairy-tale feminine in Revolutionary Girl Utena.
In Pauline Greenhill & Jill Terry Rudy (eds.). Channeling wonder: Fairy tales on television (pp. 163-188). Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

McHugh, Susan. Animal gods in extinction stories: Power and Princess Mononoke.
In Jeanne Dubino, Ziba Rashidian, & Andrew Smyth (eds.). Representing the modern animal in culture (pp. 205-226). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

McLelland, Mark. Sex, censorship and media regulation in Japan.
In Mark McLelland & Vera Mackie (eds.). Routledge handbook of sexuality studies in East Asia (pp. 402-413). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Medhat, Salma. Anime, a universal language defying boundaries: An applied study on a sample of Egyptian youth.
In Official Conference Proceedings, MediAsia FilmAsia: The Asian Conference on Media & Mass Communication 2014 (pp. 315-328). Nagoya, Japan: International Academic Forum.

Missiou, Marianna. Retelling “Hansel and Gretel” in comic book and manga narration: The case of Philip Petit and Mizuno Junko.
In Vanessa Joosen & Gillian Lathey (eds.). Grimms’ Tales around the globe: The dynamics of their international reception (pp. 254-274). Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press.

Ng, Carman. The heroic villain: Anime in moral education and English language learning.
In Christina DeCoursey (ed.). Language arts in Asia 2: English and Chinese through literature, drama and popular culture (pp. 70-89). Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Sakamoto, Mizuki, & Nakajima, Tatsuo. The GaniMedia Model: Gamifying content culture.
In P.L Patrick Lau (ed). Cross-cultural design (pp. 786-797). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.

Shen, Lien Fan. The dark, twisted magical girls: Shōjo heroines in Puella Magi Madoka Magica.
In Norma Jones, Maja Bajac-Carter & Bob Batchelor (eds.). Heroines of film and television: Portrayals in popular culture (pp. 177-188). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Steinberg, Marc. Realism in the animation media environment: Animation theory from Japan.
In Karen Beckman (ed.). Animating film theory (pp. 287-300). Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Suter, Rebecca. The March 2011 Tohoku disaster in Japanese science fiction.
In Simon Butt, Hitoshi Nagu & Luke Nottage (eds.). Asia-Pacific disaster management: Comparative and socio-legal perspectives (pp. `53-164). Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.

Weiss, Rebecca. Japan’s imaginary obsession: How the unreal engendered a subculture. In Proceedings of the National Conference on Undergraduate Research (NCUR) 2014 (pp. 134-144). Washington, DC: Council on Undergraduate Research.

Yamasaki, Aki. The emergence of singing voice actors/actresses: The crossover point of the music industry and the animation industry. In Toru Mitsui (Ed.), Made in Japan: Studies in popular music (pp. 191-208). New York: Routledge.

Zahlten, Alexander. Media mix and the metaphoric economy of world. In Daisuke Miyao (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of Japanese cinema (pp. 438-456). New York: Oxford University Press.

Resource Guides

Lamarre, Thomas. Anime. Oxford Bibliographies Online.

Journal Special/Theme Issues

Science Fiction Film and Television
(Volume 7, Issue 3)

Special Issue on Science Fiction Anime

Naylor, Alex, & Raye Helford, Elice. Introduction: Science fiction anime: national, nationless, transnational, post/colonial (pp. 309-314).

Posadas, Baryon Tensor. Remaking Yamato, remaking Japan: Space Battleship Yamato and SF anime (pp. 315-342).

Villot, Janine. Chasing the Millennium Actress (pp. 343-364).

Howard, Christopher. The ethics of Sekai-kei: Reading Hiroki Azuma with Slavoj Zizek (pp. 365-386).

Duke, Shaun. The multiplicities of empire and the libidinal economy in Makoto Shinkai’s The Place Promised in Our Early Days (pp. 387-407).

Smith, Christopher. Empire as mirror: Imperialism and identity in the Crest/Banner of the Stars series (pp. 409-432).

Screen Education
(Number 74)

Farewell to a Master: Hayao Miyazaki Special Feature

Carey, Andrew. The Wind Rises: A genius departs (pp. 8-15).

Muir, Chris. Strangers in the night: Spirited Away (pp. 26-37).

Edwards, Kim: Hidden depths: A Ponyo study guide (pp. 38-45).

Jackson, Paul: Pigs might fly: Applying literary analysis to Porco Rosso (pp. 46-51).

Judah, Tara. Princess Mononoke: Transgressing the ties that bind (pp. 52-61).

Sight & Sound: The International Film Magazine
(Volume 24, Issue 6)

Studio Ghibli Special

Bradshaw, Nick. Free falling (pp. 20-25).

McCarthy, Helen. Drawing on the past (pp. 26-27).

Bradshaw, Nick. Lessons from the master (p. 28).
[interview with Kosaka Kitaro and Suzuki Toshio]

Sharp, Jasper. The king is dead (p. 29).


*** OPEN ACCESS *** Akimoto, Daisuke. A pig, the state, and war: Porco Rosso (Kurenai no Buta). Animation Studies, 9.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Akimoto, Daisuke. Howl’s Moving Castle in the War on Terror: A transformative analysis of the Iraq War and Japan’s response. Electronic Journal of Contemporary Japanese Studies, 14(2).

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Akimoto, Daisuke. Laputa: Castle in the Sky in the Cold War: As a symbol of nuclear technology of the lost civilization. Electronic Journal of Contemporary Japanese Studies, 14(2).

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Akimoto, Daisuke. Learning peace and coexistence with nature through animation: Nausicaa of the Valley of the Wind. Ritsumeikan Journal of Asia Pacific Studies, 33.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Akimoto, Daisuke. Peace education through the animated film “Grave of the Fireflies“: Physical, psychological, and structural violence of war. Ritsumeikan Journal of Asia Pacific Studies, 33.

Amano, Ikuho. From mourning to allegory: Post-3.11 Space Battleship Yamato in motion. Japan Forum, 26(3), 325-339.

Anan, Nobuko. The Rose of Versailles: Women and revolution in girls’ manga and the Socialist movement in Japan. The Journal of Popular Culture, 47(1), 41-63.

Annett, Sandra. The nostalgic remediation of cinema in Hugo and Paprika. Journal of Adaptation in Film & Performance, 7(2), 169-180.

Arai, Yasuhiro & Kinukawa, Shinya. Copyright infringement as user innovation. Journal of Cultural Economics, 38(2), 131-144.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Bainbridge, Jason. “Gotta catch ’em all!”: Pokemon, cultural practice and object networks. The IAFOR Journal of Asian Studies, 1(1), 63-78.

Bainbridge, Jason. “It’s a Pokemon world”: The Pokemon franchise and the environment. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 17(4), 399-414.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Brienza, Casey. Did manga conquer America? Implications for the cultural policy of ‘Cool Japan’. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 20(4), 383-398

Brienza, Casey. Does manga’s transnational cool benefit Japan? Discovery Society, 6.

Brienza, Casey. Sociological perspectives on Japanese manga in America. Sociology Compass, 8(5), 468-477.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Brown, Paris Wittman. Selling Japan in Mad Men’s postmodern America: The visual translation of Japanese icons and images through a lens of Western advertising and aesthetics. International Journal of Asia Pacific Studies, 10(2), 135-161.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Bryce, Mio, Matthew, Nicole, & Takeyama, Yuki. Visualising ‘unacceptable’ lives? The moving story of Hikari to tomo ni (With the Light: Raising an Autistic Child, 2001-2010). Portal Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies, 11(2).

Christensen, Jakob Baek. Exploring the force of the moving image: A comparison between live-action pornography and Japanese adult animation. Journal of Media, Cognition and Communication, 2(2), 23-43.

Daliot-Bul, Michal. Reframing and reconsidering the cultural innovation of the anime boom on US television. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 17(1), 75-91

Ebihara, Isao. Critical study of Japanese mythology & folklore behind the anime/manga culture worldwide. Transactions: Journal of the Society of Scholars, Spring 2014, 27-34.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Edrei, Shawn. Once and future: Adaptations of Camelot in non-Arthurian television narratives. Mediascape: UCLA’s Journal of Cinema and Media Studies, Fall 2014.
[Code Geass: Lelouch of the Rebellion]

Galbraith, Patrick W. The Misshitsu trial: Thinking obscenity with Japanese comics. International Journal of Comic Art, 16(1), 125-146.

Fernandez, Shalini Teresa. Collective body (p)arts: Female cyborg-subjectivity in Mamoru Oshii’s Ghost in the ShellPertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities22(S – Feb. 2014), 111-120.

Gangnes, Madeline B. Static action, silent sound: Translating visual techniques from manga to film in Katsuhiro O-tomo’s AKIRA. Studies in Comics, 5(1), 155-186.

Garza, Oscar. Hayao Miyazaki and Shinto: A spiritual connection. Film Matters, 5(3), 19-26.

Greenberg, Raz. A Yiddishe manga: The creative Jewish roots of Japan’s “God of Comics”. Innovative Research in Japanese Studies, 1, 89-111.

He, Tianxiang. Fansubs and market access of foreign audiovisual products in China: The copyright predicament and the use of No Action PolicyOregon Review of International Law16(2), 304-346.

He, Tianxiang. What can we learn from Japanese anime industries? The differences between domestic and overseas copyright protection strategies towards fan activities. The American Journal of Comparative Law, 62(4), 1009-1041.

Heinze, Ulrich & Thomas, Penelope. Self and salvation: Visions of hikikomori in Japanese manga. Contemporary Japan: Journal of the German Institute for Japanese Studies Tokyo, 26(1), 151-169.

Heise, Ursula. Plasmatic nature: Environmentalism and animated film. Public Culture, 26(2), 301-318.

Hemmann, Kathryn. Short skirts and superpowers: The evolution of the Beautiful Fighting Girl. U.S.-Japan Women’s Journal, 47, 45-72.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Hinton, Perry. Representation or misrepresentation? British media and Japanese popular culture. NECSUS: European Journal of Media Studies, 3(1), 89-108.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Hinton, Perry. The cultural context and the interpretation of Japanese ‘lolita complex’ style anime. Intercultural Communication Studies, 23(2), 54-68.

*** OPEN ACCESS *** Hong, Soo Jung. Three adaptations of the Japanese comic book Boys Over Flowers in the Asian cultural community: Analyzing fidelity and modification from the perspective of globalization and glocalization. The Qualitative Report, 19, Article 2.

Horno Lopez, Antonio. The origins of Japanese animation and its repercussions on the history of animationThe International Journal of Visual Design, 7(2), 1-5.

Hossain, Mohammad Amzad & Fu, Wei-Hsin. Young girls and flying images: A semiotic analysis of Hayao Miyazaki’s animationsJournal of Visual Literacy33(2), 97-119.

Huang, Cheng-Wen & Archer, Arlene. Fluidity of modes in the translation of manga: The case of Kishimoto’s Naruto. Visual Communication, 13(4), 471-486.

Ito, Kinko & Crutcher, Paul. Popular mass entertainment in Japan: Manga, pachinko and cosplay. Society51(1), 44-48.

Jaggi, Ruchi. An overview of Japanese content on children’s television in India. Media Asia, 41(3), 240-254.

Johnson, Keith Leslie. Manga in the Anthropocene: Notes toward a cyberpunk ecology 2. Southeast Review of Asian Studies, 36, 112-123.
[Akira] [Ghost in the Shell] [Knights of Sidonia]

Kingston, Jeff. Museums, manga, memorials and Korean-Japanese history wars. Asian Studies, 2(2), 41-71.

Kittredge, Katharine. Lethal girls drawn for boys: Girl assassins in manga/anime and comics/film. Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 39(4), 506-532.

Knighton, Mary A. The sloppy realities of 3.11 in Shiriagari Kotobuki’s manga. The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, 11(26).

Kovacic, Mateja. The many faces of popular culture and contemporary processes: Questioning identity, humanity and culture through Japanese anime. The IAFOR Journal of Arts and Humanities, 2(1), 17-36.

Lahiri, Hiranmoy. Reality through fantasy: Miyazaki Hayao’s “anime” films. The Asia Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, 12(39).

Leung, May May, Tripicchio, Gina, Agaronov, Alen, & Hou, Nigqi. Manga comic influences snack selection in Black and Hispanic New York City youth. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 46(2), 142-147.

*** NEW ***

Matsui, Takeshi. Nation branding through stigmatized popular culture: The “Cool Japan” craze among central ministries in Japan. Hitsobashi Journal of Commerce and Management, 48(1), 81-97.

Matanle, Peter, Ishiguro, Kuniko, & McCann, Leo. Popular culture and workplace gendering among varieties of capitalism: Working women and their representation in Japanese manga. Gender, Work & Organization, 21(5), 472-489.

Miner, Natasha. Technology, psychology, identity: Ghost in the Shell and .hack//Sign. Electronic Journal of Contemporary Japanese Studies, 14(3).

Minguez-Lopez , Xavier. Folktales and other references in Toriyama’s Dragon Ball. Animation: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 9(1), 27-46.

Mishra, Manisha & Mishra, Maitreyee. Animated worlds of magical realism: An exploration of Satoshi Kon’s Millennium Actress. Animation: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 9(3), 299-316.

Monden, Masafumi. Layers of the ethereal: A cultural investigation of beauty, girlhood, and ballet in Japanese shojo manga. Fashion Theory: The Journal of Dress, Body & Culture, 18(3), 251-296.

Ogonoski, Matthew. Cosplaying the media mix: Examining Japan’s media environment, its static forms, and its influence on cosplay. Transformative Works and Cultures, 16.

Ochiai, Eiichiro. The manga “Oishinbo” controversy: Radiation and nose bleeding in the wake of 3.11. The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, 11(25).

Okuno, Takuji. Roots of Cool Japan: From the Japanese traditional Edo culture to anime and mangaKwansei Gakuin University Social Sciences Review19, 1-7.

Otmazgin, Nissim. Anime in the US: The entrepreneurial dimensions of globalized culture. Pacific Affairs: An International Review of Asia and the Pacific, 87(1), 53-69.

Pelea, Cringuta-Irina. Japanese popular culture and its impact on Romanian cultural space. Romanian Journal of Sociology, 1-2/2014, 65-84.

Pellitteri, Marco. The Italian anime boom: The outstanding success of Japanese animation in Italy, 1978-1984. Journal of Italian Cinema & Media Studies, 2(3), 363-382.

Pope Robbins, Laura. Bringing anime to academic libraries: A recommended core collection. Collection Building, 33(2), 46-52.

Rachovitsky, Daniel Elisha. Tracing the Japanese gothic in Madoka Magica with Blood: The estrangement, abjection, and sublime erasure of the spectralized maho shojo exemplum. Asian Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 3(4), 98-112.

Richmond, Stephen, Inui, Yukiko, & Watanabe, Noriko. English expression through manga: Manga Senmon Eigo at Kyoto Seika University. Journal of Kyoto Seika University, 44, 158-180.
[Abstract in English, article in Japanese]

Roquet, Paul. A blue cat on the Galactic Railroad: Anime and cosmic subjectivity. Representations, 128(1), 124-158.

Ross, Deborah. Miyazaki’s Little Mermaid: A goldfish out of water. Journal of Film and Video, 66(3), 18-30.

Ruh, Brian. The comfort and disquiet of transmedia horror in Higurashi: When They Cry (Higurashi no naku koro ni). Refractory: A Journal of Entertainment Media, 23.

Russell, Keith. Moe and the knowing glimpse: Fanservice and personal seeing in anime and manga. The International Journal of Arts Theory and History, 8(2), 23-32.

Saito, Kumiko. Magic, shojo, and metamorphosis: Magical girl anime and the challenges of changing gender identities in Japanese society. Journal of Asian Studies, 73(1), 143-164.

Savoy, Katherine. The artificial restoration of agency through sex and technology in Neon Genesis Evangelion. Electronic Journal of Contemporary Japanese Studies, 14(3).

Schules, Douglas. How to do things with fan subs: Media engagement as subcultural capital in anime fan subbing. Transformative Works and Cultures, 17.

Serban, Andreea. Manga-fying Shakespeare. “You must translate. ‘Tis fit we understand [it].” (Hamlet IV.1.2). The European English Messenger, 21-26.

Serban, Andreaa. When power seduces: Shakespeare’s tragic (mother) queens in manga. Romanian Journal of English Studies, 11(1), 126-136.

Skabelund, Aaron. Leading dogs and children to war. Journal of the History of Childhood and Youth, 7(1), 5-13.

Sone, Yuji. Canted desire: Otaku performance in Japanese popular culture. Cultural Studies Review, 20(2), 196-222.

Stephens, Bradley. Animating animality through Dumas, d’Artagnan, and Dogtanian. Dix-Neuf: Journal of the Society of Dix-Neuviémistes, 18(2), 193-210.

Tanaka, Mokoto. Trends of fiction in 2000s Japanese pop culture. Electronic Journal of Contemporary Japanese Studies, 14(2).

Toh, Weimin. A multimodal framework for tracking Sesshomaru’s character development in an anime movie – Inuyasha: Swords of an Honourable Ruler – an appraisal and gestural perspective. Social Semiotics, 24(1), 124-151.

van Staden, Cobus. Moomin/Mumin/Moemin: Apartheid-era dubbing and Japanese animation. Critical Arts: South-North Cultural and Media Studies, 28(1), 1-18.

Victoroff, Jesse. Manga subverts obscenity. Dartmouth Quarterly of East Asian Studies, 1.

Welch, Sarina. Railroad to the past and future: Japanese identity in Galaxy Express 999. Electronic Journal of Contemporary Japanese Studies, 14(3).

Werning, Stefan. Manga, anime and video games: Between adaptation, transmedia extension and reverse remediation. Mediascape: UCLA’s Journal of Film & Television Studies, Fall 2014.

Whaley, Ben. Doomed hybrids: Three cases of fatal mixing in the war comics of Tezuka Osamu. International Journal of Comic Art, 16(1), 244-257.

Yamada, Marc. Trauma and historical referentiality in post-Aum manga. Japanese Studies, 34(2), 153-168.

Yamato, Eriko. Cultural proximity and reflexivity in interpreting transnational media texts: The case of Malaysians consuming Japanese popular culture. The Qualitative Report, 19, Article 94.

Yasuda, Masahiro. Japanese pop-culture in France. Journal of Kyoto Seika University, 44, 103-126.
[Summary in English, article in Japanese]


Craig, Timothy. Anime News Network: Building a sustainable Internet business. Case no. 9B14M118. London, Ontario, Canada: Ivey Publishing.

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